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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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protect the soldiers of the Home Army,, against whom the German troops
" were committing atrocities in the battle of Warsaw."
At the outbreak of the Warsaw rising,, the Germans announced that
the  rebels ' in the capital would not be accorded the treatment of a
fighting unit as " the General Government of Warsaw is under German
authority and is considered as a part of the Reich., therefore, the Poles are
rebels and can be punished for treason." Every soldier of the Home
Army,, therefore, who fell into German hands., was murdered on the spot.
After the Anglo-American Declaration., on September 4, however., the
German Foreign Office stated that: " Poles who are surrendering in
Warsaw will be treated as prisoners-of-war." The Russians did not join
the Allies in their Declaration and did not tender their recognition of the
Home Army.
Deportations on an enormous scale were resumed by the Russians in
those territories under their occupation. This c cleaning-up ' was accom-
plished in a twofold manner. First of all, by the deportation of the most
valuable sections of the community; during the five weeks from July 16
to August 20, ten thousand people were driven from Wilno. Since under
German occupation the Jews had been all but exterminated and the new-
comers, the Lithuanians, had fled from Wilno back into Lithuania before
the Red Army, this deportation instigated by the Soviets exclusively em-
braced the Polish inhabitants. In Eastern Poland, all men between 18
and 50, and women between 18 and 35, were conscripted and the Soviets
began to despatch them to. Russia, that is, over one-third of the total
population, Secondly, in the occupied part of Central Poland, the
majority of conscripts were also transported to Russia.
Obviously this' liberation J brought about by the Red Army was bound
to be viewed by the people of Warsaw in a different light from that in
which the British Prime Minister chose to visualise it. " They " (the
Soviets), he said, cc ask that there should be a Poland friendly to Russia.55
The remarkable news coming from Poland (the communiques from
Warsaw received great publicity throughout the world) regarding the
rising in the country concentrated particularly in the Capital, and the
Soviet action in exterminating the Polish Home Army, revealed to
astonished sections of the United States and British public that the
United Nations were not the band of blood-brothers acting in perfect co-
ordination, and not so united as propaganda would have them believe,
and, furthermore, that the interests of Russia were not altogether in
harmony with the ideas of the Western World. Over one million in the
City of Warsaw were fighting desperately against the foe who had sup-
pressed them for five years; fighting against modern armaments and in
the face of an unmoved Russian Army of4 Liberation/ knowing how that
same army had already dealt with their comxades-at-arms in the east of